Author Archives: Fred Pickhardt

About Fred Pickhardt

Fred Pickhardt, Marine Meteorologist I am a marine meteorologist and sailed briefly with American Export Lines in the Far East trade. I have extensive experience in marine weather analysis, marine weather forecasting, optimum ship routing, vessel performance evaluations and forensic marine weather event reconstructions. I founded Ocean Weather Services and as Owner and Chief Consultant currently provide optimum ship routing services and forensic marine weather reports to the maritime industry.

What is the greenhouse effect?

What is meant by the greenhouse effect? What is the greenhouse effect and how does it affect our climate? The sun is the primary source of energy here on the earth.  Heat generated from the earth’s interior (geothermal heat) is … Continue reading

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Hurricane Force Storm over North Pacific producing 17 meter waves

An intense 937 mb storm over the west-central North Pacific is producing winds of 60-75 knots and significant wave heights to 17 meters (about 56 feet) within 90 to 240 nm southwest of the center and within 120 nm northeast … Continue reading

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What’s the weather like cruising the Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico during February?

If you are planning a cruise or will be sailing during the month of February check out what weather to expect in the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea.    Wind Over the Caribbean during February winds tend to be … Continue reading

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What does a “Gale Warning” mean?

The National Weather Service has developed a multi-tier concept for forecasting hazardous weather which includes outlooks, watches, warnings and advisories.  Below are the visual day flag and nighttime light signals that warn of rough weather.  NOAA discontinued using the flags in … Continue reading

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Major Hurricane Florence Update

Major Hurricane Florence currently with max winds about 120 knots was moving west at 11 knots.  A building ridge to the north is forecast to steer Florence WNW then NW during the next 48-72 hours with an increase in forward … Continue reading

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Hurricane Florence now Cat 4

  Major Hurricane Florence continues to develop with max winds now at 115 knots (Cat 4). Florence is moving in an area where wind shear is forecast to increase during the next 48 hours so Florence is expected to weaken … Continue reading

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Hurricane Lane threatens Hawaiian Islands

Hurricane Lane over the central North Pacific has max winds of 125 knots and was moving northwestward towards the Hawaiian Islands and is forecast to turn more towards the north during the next 24-36 hours.  In 48-72 hours track guidance … Continue reading

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Typhoon Soulik to impact South Korea

Typhoon Soulik over the western North Pacific was located about 192 nm WSW of Sasebo,Japan and was moving towards the NW at 7 knots.  Max winds currently estimated near 85 knots with hurricane force winds extending outward about 30 nm … Continue reading

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Typhoon Cimaron bears down on Japan

Typhoon Cimaron over the western North Pacific was located about 245 nm WMW of Iwo To and was moving northwest at 19 knots.  Currently, max winds are estimated at about 100 knots with the hurricane force winds concentrated north and … Continue reading

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Predictability of Atlantic hurricanes

By Judith Curry Cayman Financial Review  The 2017 Atlantic hurricane season was remarkable, including five landfalls of Category 5 storms in the Caribbean Basin, and three Category 4 strikes on the U.S. coastline. The 2017 landfalls cost hundreds of lives … Continue reading

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